Applications genetic engineering has advanced the understanding of many theoretical and practical aspects of gene function and organization through recombinant dna techniques bacteria have been created that are capable of synthesizing human insulin human growth hormone alpha interferon a hepatitis b vaccine and other medically useful substances. Genetic engineering definition is the group of applied techniques of genetics and biotechnology used to cut up and join together genetic material and especially dna from one or more species of organism and to introduce the result into an organism in order to change one or more of its characteristics. Genetic engineering sometimes called genetic modification is the process of altering the dna in an organisms genome this may mean changing one base pair a t or c g deleting a whole region of dna or introducing an additional copy of a gene
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