The aorta is the largest artery in the body oxygen rich blood enters the aorta and the heart pumps the blood out of the aorta where it travels to the rest of the body via the smaller arteries that branch out from it when affected by disease the aorta can split dissection or dilate aneurysm . Coarctation of the aorta often occurs along with other congenital heart defects although doctors dont know what causes multiple heart defects to form together the condition is more common in males than in females you or your child may be more likely to have aortic coarctation if certain heart conditions exist including bicuspid aortic valve. Diseases of the aorta e stanley crawford and john l crawford eds baltimore 1984 williams wilkins 401 pages 13500 this volume is a compendium of dr e stanley crawfords experience with aortic surgery during a 30 year career and draws on a clinical experience exceeding 4000 cases. The aorta itself is affected by inflammatory changes in only a subgroup of patients stenotic as well as aneurysmal lesions of the supra aortic branches are most commonly seen this disease predominantly affects females aged over 50 years and the prevalence increases with age. The aortic root consists of the aortic valve annulus the three aortic valve cusps the sinuses of valsalva and the sinotubular junction where the aortic root joins with the ascending aorta figures 7 1 and 7 2o the aortic valve cusps and the sinuses of valsalva are distinguished by their position adjacent to the right coronary ostium left coronary ostium or the noncoronary ostium
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